Wichita voters have rejected an initiative to add fluoride to the city's water.
Unofficial results from Tuesday's vote showed 59 percent of the voters rejected the proposal.
Wichita voted down similar fluoride initiatives in 1964 and 1978.
Opponents contend fluoridation has several negative potential side effects, and called it mass medication that would be forced on people who didn't want it.
Supporters had argued fluoridated water fights tooth decay and would save Wichita residents dental pain and money.